Corruption in India : The Statistics, Causes and Major Contributers

"India is one of the most corrupted countries in the world."
"The corruption rate in India is increasing year by year."
"Corruption is one of the main reasons India's economic development is going dead slow."
These news statements became a routine. We heard many bad things and incidents about corruption before 10 years. And still, we are hearing the same.

It is true that India is one of the corrupted countries in the world. The facts say so and they can't be covered up. Be it the corrupt politicians, corrupt officers, corrupt businessmen, corrupt employees, there is corrupt everyone.
Earlier, bribes were paid for getting wrong things done, but now bribe is paid for getting right things done at right time.

The Corruption Statistics

  • India ranks 78 out of 180 countries in corruption. The figure seems ok right?
  • In a study conducted by Transparency International reported that about 92% of Indians had first hand experience of paying bribes or using contacts to get services performed by public offices.
  • Truckers annually pay ₹222 crore (US$32 million) in bribes.
  • Many of the biggest scandals since 2010 have involved high level government officials, including Cabinet Ministers and Chief Ministers, such as the :
    2010 Commonwealth Games scam (₹70,000 crore (US$10 billion)),
    the Adarsh Housing Society scam,
    the Coal Mining Scam (₹1.86 lakh crore (US$27 billion)),
    the 2G scam, the Mining Scandal in Karnataka and the Cash for Vote scams.

Causes Behind Corruption

  • The major cause according to everyone and the cause that everybody know - People of India are not awakened and enlightened. They fear to raise their voice against anti-social elements prevailing in the society.
  • Nature of the human being. People in general, have a great thirst for luxuries and comforts and as a result of which they get themselves involved in all unscrupulous activities that result in monetary or material benefits.
  • Connections between bureaucrats, politicians and criminals.
  • The punishments imposed on the criminals are inadequate.
  • A few political leaders. They lead a luxurious life and do not even care about the society.
  • Excessive regulations, complicated tax and licensing systems, numerous government departments with opaque bureaucracy and discretionary powers, monopoly of government controlled institutions on certain goods and services delivery, and the lack of transparent laws and processes.

Major Contributers to Corruption

  • The largest contributors to corruption are entitlement programs and social schemes enacted by the government. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act and the National Rural Health Mission are the popular examples. The National Rural Health Mission programme has been clouded by a large-scale corruption scandal in which high-level government appointed officials were arrested. Corruption and fraud-related losses from this government programme has been alleged to be ₹1 lakh crore (US$14 billion).
  • India's trucking industry which is forced to pay billions of rupees in bribes annually to numerous regulatory and police stops on interstate highways.
  • Government jobs. If a person wants a government job he has to pay lakhs of rupees to the higher officials irrespective of satisfying all the eligibility criteria. In every office one has either to give money to the employee concerned or arrange for some sources to get work done.
  • In cities and villages throughout India, groups of municipal and other government officials, elected politicians, judicial officers, real estate developers and law enforcement officials, acquire, develop and sell land in illegal ways.
  • Slum-dwellers who are allotted houses under several housing schemes such as Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana, Rajiv Awas Yojna, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna etc., rent out these houses to others, to earn money due to severe unemployment and lack of a steady source of income.
  • There have been several cases involving officials of the Income Tax Department of India for preferential tax treatment and relaxed prosecutions in exchange for bribes.
  • Driver licensing procedure allows drivers to be licensed despite their low driving ability through promoting the usage of agents. Individuals with the willingness to pay make a significant payment above the official fee and most of these extra payments are made to agents, who act as an intermediary between bureaucrats and applicants.

Final Word

Five years ago, the Indian people gave Narendra Modi the chance to realize his big promise: clean up the corruption in India. Today, Modi’s promise remains a promise. Corruption is still thriving in India. Notes ban seemed a great step towards fighting corruption. But it just proved that any scheme or action against corruption affects the common people rather than doing what it was meant to do.
If no action can break corruption, what can? Maybe common people who face the bitterness of corruption? Yes they can. Yes we can.